Why was the Eiffel Tower built

One of the most famous and well-known structures in the world is the Eiffel Tower, or La Tour Eiffel as it is known in French. It was constructed for the Exposition Universelle, or World’s Fair, which was held in Paris in 1889 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. This essay will examine the significance and enduring influence of the Eiffel Tower by delving into the background and motivation for its construction. Let’s explore in detail Why was the Eiffel Tower built.

Why was the Eiffel Tower built

Why was the Eiffel Tower built

As part of the planning for the Paris World’s Fair in 1889, the concept for the Eiffel Tower emerged. The French government sponsored a design competition for an iron tower that would serve as the exhibition’s focal point and highlight France’s engineering and manufacturing strength.

The appeal of the Eiffel Tower has increased over time. At first, there were conflicting opinions, with some detractors calling it an eyesore. But as time went on, it won the hearts of both Parisians and tourists. It has become a representation of beauty and grace thanks to its recognisable design, complex lattice structure, and spectacular vistas from its observation decks.

The Eiffel Tower is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world today, drawing millions of visitors each year. As a radio transmission tower and beacon during both World Wars I and II, it has also participated in a number of cultural and historical events.

Construction and Engineering Marvel Of Eiffel Tower

The French engineer Gustave Eiffel, who was already well-known for his achievements in the realm of iron construction, came up with the winning design for the tower. Eiffel came up with a daring and avant-garde design. He suggested building a tower constructed of wrought iron lattice that would have been the tallest man-made structure in the world until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930.

The Eiffel Tower was built starting in January 1887. And it was finished on March 15, 1889, slightly over two years later. Gustave Eiffel and his team’s engineering prowess was evident in the speed and accuracy with which the tower was constructed. The roughly 18,038 separate iron sections that make up the tower’s structure are joined by 2.5 million rivets. The tower was the highest building in the world at the time, at 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall.

Purpose and Significance of Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower’s main function was to act as the focal point and emblem of the 1889 World’s Fair. Its importance goes far beyond just serving as the focal point of an exhibition, though. Here are some of its main goals and significance’s major components:

1. Celebrating France’s Industrial and Engineering Achievement : The goal of the Eiffel Tower was to demonstrate to the rest of the world France’s technological and economic supremacy. It served as a testament to the nation’s creativity and leadership in the field of iron construction. As well as It represents development and modernity.

2. Commemorating the French Revolution : The 100th anniversary of the French Revolution was chosen as the date for the tower’s construction. It was meant to stand in for the long-lasting principles of liberty, equality that the revolution had fought for.

3. Scientific and Meteorological Experiment : The Eiffel Tower was utilised for meteorological observations and scientific research in its early years. It was the perfect location and height for investigations on wind, air resistance, and other atmospheric phenomena.

4. Tourist Attraction : The Eiffel Tower sprang to prominence as a prominent tourist destination almost immediately after construction ended. Worldwide travellers flocked to Paris to climb the tower and take in the expansive views of the city. The local economy was significantly boosted by this flood of visitors.

5. Cultural Symbolism : The Eiffel Tower evolved into a representation of both France and Paris over time. It has been referenced in innumerable literary, artistic, and cinematic works, becoming as an enduring cultural icon.


The construction of the Eiffel Tower for the 1889 World’s Fair served to commemorate the French Revolution’s 100th anniversary. And It highlights the country’s engineering prowess. The engineering prowess and inventiveness that went into its construction were triumphs. As a tribute to the continuing power of imaginative design and artistic expression, it has evolved through time into a beloved emblem of France, Paris, and human inventiveness.

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